Tiffany & Co. (known colloquially as Tiffany or Tiffany's) is an American multinational jewelry and silverware corporation. The company helped shape American culture, including supplying the Union Army during the American Civil War, creating the design that would later become the New York Yankees “NY” logo, and making revisions to the Great Seal of the United States. As part of its branding, the company is strongly associated with its official color, Tiffany Blue, which is a registered trademark.
Founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City in 1837 as a "stationery and fancy goods emporium," the store initially sold a wide variety of stationery items, and operated as Tiffany, Young and Ellis in lower Manhattan. The name was shortened to Tiffany & Co. in 1853 when Charles Tiffany took control, and the firm's emphasis on jewelry was established. Tiffany & Co. has since opened stores in major cities all over the world.
Tiffany's is the maker of the Vince Lombardi Trophy, made annually to be awarded to the NFL team that wins the Super Bowl that year.
Tiffany & Co. also made the 2010 World Series Rings for the San Francisco Giants. The MLS championship trophy, won by the Los Angeles Galaxy in 2011 was also made by Tiffany & Co.
The first Tiffany catalog, known as the "Blue Book", was published in 1845. It is still being published today. In 1862 Tiffany & Co. supplied the Union Army with swords (Model 1840 Cavalry Saber), flags and surgical implements. In 1867 Tiffany & Co. was the first US firm to win an award for the excellence in silverware at the Exposition Universelle in Paris. In 1877, an insignia that would become the famous New York Yankees "NY" logo was struck on a medal of honor by Tiffany & Co. and issued to the first NYC police officer shot in the line of duty. The Yankees adopted the logo in 1909. The company revised the Great Seal of the United States in 1885.
In 1919, the company made a revision to the Medal of Honor on behalf of the United States Department of the Navy. This "Tiffany Cross" version was rare because it was awarded only for combat, using the previous design for non-combat awards. In 1942 the Navy established the Tiffany version for non-combat heroism, but in August 1942 the Navy eliminated the Tiffany Cross and the two-medal system.
In 1968, US First Lady Lady Bird Johnson commissioned Tiffany to design a White House china service, which featured 90 flowers. In June 2004, Tiffany's sued eBay, claiming that it was making profits from the sale of counterfeit Tiffany products. Tiffany lost at trial and on appeal. On January 28, 2008, it was announced that the Japanese mobile phone operator SoftBank and Tiffany & Co. had collaborated in making a limited 10 model-only cellphone. This cellphone contains more than 400 diamonds, totaling more than 20 carats (4.0 g). The cost is said to be more than 100,000,000 yen (£ 781,824).
Tiffany designs were worn by such famous US families as the Astors, the Vanderbilts, Posts, Huttons and the Morgans. Athletes, Hollywood stars, and even European royalty adored these diamonds. Museums valued the Tiffany designs, which ranged from the Art Nouveau period to Art Deco to today's modern styles.
A Tiffany’s gemologist, George Frederick Kunz, was instrumental in the international adoption of the metric carat as a weight standard for gems, and the Tiffany standard for sterling and platinum have been adopted as United States Standards.
The 128.54 carats (25.71 g) Fancy Yellow Tiffany Diamond is usually on display in the New York City flagship store.
In the late 1980s, Tiffany & Co. ventured into the fragrance business. Tiffany for women was launched in 1987, a floral perfume for women by perfumer Francois Demachy. At $220 per ounce, "Tiffany" was successfully marketed by major department stores across the United States. Two years later Tiffany for Men was launched in 1989 and developed by perfumer Jacques Polge. The bottle for both the men's and women's fragrance was designed by Pierre Dinand. In 1995, Tiffany launched Trueste perfume for women which was later discontinued. Tiffany continues to produce the core fragrance product for men and the product for women.